SSMU is working on methods for reducing mortality associated with chronic non-communicable diseases
Scientists at SSMU, the first medical flagship university, are working out preventive measures for chronic non-communicable diseases. At the initial stage of the project research is based on the analysis of risk factor combinations that can increase their prevalence rate.
“Chronic non-communicable diseases are the global problem that was indicated by the World Health Organization. Before the invention of water purification technology and antibiotics people died predominantly of infectious disease epidemics. Nowadays people suffer a lot from non-communicable diseases (NCD). As NCDs develop very slowly for their prevention it is important to watch your lifestyle and eating habits giving up unhealthy habits. However, most people are not ready to do these simple things”, - says Olga Kobyakova, SSMU rector.
As a part of their research SSMU scientists gathered data from about ten thousand visitors of Tomsk region health centers within two years, from 2010 until 2012. The data analysis has indicated that the combination of risk factors influence chronic NCD development much stronger than any individual factor taken alone, such as alcohol or tobacco consumption, unhealthy eating habits, physical inactivity, predisposition to obesity, elevated LDL cholesterol or unsustainable blood pressure.
“We are going to develop guidelines for primary care physicians as to what kind of specialist a patient with three risk factors should be referred. In the simplest terms, we are going to develop models of preventive measures for patients with various risk factor combinations”, - says Olga Kobryakova.
The project also involves massive community outreach and social work to promote public health. Since the NCD risk increases by the age of 30 SSMU team decided to take preventive measures among students aged up to 30 years old.
The research of Tomsk scientists became a part of the international Erasmus + project where 12 universities from all over the world including SSMU are involved. The goal is to develop NCD prevention strategy.